As drilling contractors in Santa Rosa, we’re frequently called out to work on pump projects both large and small. When we’re discussing pump options with our clients, they’re often very surprised to learn just how many different types of water pumps are out there!
In fact, there are so many variations that we couldn’t hope to cover them all in a single blog. However, we can provide a brief overview of some of the most common options.
A Quick Guide to The Most Common Types of Water Pumps
- Positive Displacement vs Centrifugal Pumps
Broadly speaking, any pump you’re likely to get from drilling contractors in Santa Rosa is going to work on one of two principles. It’s either based on positive displacement or centrifugal systems.
Positive displacement pumps are the simplest system. If you think of an old-time hand-cranked water pump, that’s a positive displacement system. Pushing the handle causes air to be forced into the water supply, displacing the water which is then pushed out through the pump’s nozzle. Modern systems work on the same principle and are good for situations where you need a single consistent flow of water.
Centrifugal pumps, on the other hand, use a spinning impeller (a reverse propeller) to physically force water into and through the pumping mechanism. Centrifugal systems are more mechanically complex but able to work in a wider variety of circumstances.
- Types of Water Pumps
The three types of water pumps we deal with most often are well pumps, pressure pumps, and sump pumps.
- Well pumps are what you get when you have drilling contractors in Santa Rosa drill a water well which will be used to feed into a nearby home or business. They’re high-capacity and can pull large amounts of water at a time.
- Booster pumps utilize a pressure tank (usually with compressed gas) which in turn regulates the pressure of the water coming into a home or business. These are most often above ground pumps that draw water from some type of storage tank.
- Sump pumps are specifically for removing water and are most often seen in basements and other underground structures. Sump pumps are usually centrifugal pumps as well.
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